Wittgenstein, Ludwig

(1889–1951)
   Though he spent much of his career in England, Wittgenstein had important ties to Vienna and Austria generally. The son of an aesthetically and intellectually gifted industrialist, he volunteered for service in the Austro–Hungarian army in World War I. It was during this time that he completed his most influential philosophical work, the Tractatus LogicoPhilosophicus, though it was not published until 1921. Spared by inherited wealth from any financial pressures, Wittgenstein taught school in Lower Austria between 1920 and 1926 out of a sense of social duty. He also worked as a gardener, including stints at the monastery of Klosterneuburg and with a group of monks in Hütteldorf, a suburb of Vienna. A man of many talents, he helped to design the modernistic Wittgenstein house in Vienna’s Third District for his sister, Margarethe Wittgenstein-Stonborough.
   As a student before World War I at Cambridge University in England, Wittgenstein was close to the mathematician and logician Bertrand Russel1. The Tractatus betrayed those influences, though its general thrust went well beyond Russell’s work. An analysis of the conditions that Russell claimed were needed for a logically perfect language, the book sought to establish what could be meaningfully said. If something could not be said with perfect clarity, it could not be said in philosophical discourse at all. The epistemological reliability of language was narrowed considerably; the work was enthusiastically received by the Vienna Circle of philosophers, whose queries paralleled Wittgenstein’s own. His work would also have a significant influence on the American school of logical positivism. Wittgenstein returned to Cambridge on a fellowship in 1929 at the invitation of Russell and another philosopher, G. E. Moore. Here he continued his critical speculation about language, which appeared posthumously in 1953 as Philosophical Investigations. In 1939 he was appointed to Moore’s chair, which he held until 1947.

Historical dictionary of Austria. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • WITTGENSTEIN, LUDWIG — (1889–1951), Austrian British philosopher who profoundly influenced Anglo Saxon analytic philosophy through his analysis of language; brother of the musician paul wittgenstein . Life Wittgenstein was born in Vienna in 1889, the eighth and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Wittgenstein, Ludwig — ▪ British philosopher in full  Ludwig Josef Johann Wittgenstein   born April 26, 1889, Vienna, Austria Hungary [now in Austria] died April 29, 1951, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Eng.  Austrian born English philosopher, regarded by many as the… …   Universalium

  • Wittgenstein, Ludwig J. J. — (1889 1951) Though he was born in Vienna and lived in Austria until 1912, Wittgenstein is often regarded as the most important English language philosopher of the twentieth century. His extraordinary achievement was to have produced two… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Wittgenstein, Ludwig — (1889–1951) Austrian philosopher. Born the youngest of eight children into a wealthy Viennese family, Wittgenstein originally studied engineering, first in the Realschule in Linz, then in Berlin. In 1908 he went to Manchester to study aeronautics …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Wittgenstein, Ludwig — (1889–1951)    Anglo Austrian philosopher. Wittgenstein was born in Austria to a secular family and studied at Linz, Berlin, Manchester and Cambridge. He was enormously influential and his two books Tractatus Logico Philosophicus (1921) and… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Wittgenstein,Ludwig — Witt·gen·stein (vĭtʹgən shtīn , stīn), Ludwig. 1889 1951. Austrian philosopher who taught in England and who had a major influence on 20th century philosophy. His main works, Tractatus Logico Philosophicus (1921) and Philosophical Investigations… …   Universalium

  • Wittgenstein, Ludwig — (1889 1951)    British philos opher of Austrian origin. His father was a Protestant and mother a Roman Catholic of Jewish origin. Born in Austria, he studied at Linz, Berlin, Manchester and Cambridge where he became professor. His works include… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Wittgenstein, Ludwig — ► (1889 1951) Filósofo alemán, fundador del neopositivismo. Es famoso su Tractatus logico philosophicus. Metafísica y lógica aparecen unidas en el Tractatus. Su discurso afirma que la gramática es universal en el doble sentido de vertebrar todo… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Wittgenstein, Ludwig —  (1889–1951) Austrian born British philospher …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • WITTGENSTEIN, Ludwig — (1889 1951)    Austrian philosopher whose book Tractatus Logico Philosophicus and later works had a profound effect on Anglo Saxon PHILOSOPHY in the 1960s. He became professor of philosophy at Cambridge in 1939 and exercised a strong influence… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.